- Years old:
Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning—thinking, remembering, and reasoning—and behavioral abilities to such an extent that it interferes with a person's daily life and activities. These functions include memory, language skills, visual perception, problem solving, self-management, and the ability to focus and pay attention.
This changes how a person acts.
Fears and phobias
You also may notice that the person stops caring about how he or she looks, stops bathingand wants to wear the same clothes every day. Too much noise, such as TV, radio, or many people talking at once can cause frustration and confusion. Stepping from one type of flooring to another or the way the floor looks may make the person think he or she needs to take a step down.
Mirrors may make them think that a mirror image is another person in the room. It could be caused by a physical or medical issue.
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Here are some tips:. Medications are available to treat some behavioral symptoms.
Read about this topic in Spanish. ADEAR Center staff answer telephone,and written requests and make referrals to local and national resources. NIA scientists and other experts review this content to ensure it is accurate and up to date.
Alzheimer's Caregiving: Changes in Communication Skills. Managing Personality and Behavior Changes in Alzheimer's.
Managing Money Problems in Alzheimer's Disease. Here are some tips: Keep things simple.
Who is this for?
Ask or say one thing at a time. Have a daily routine, so the person knows when certain things will happen. Reassure the person that he or she is safe and you are there to help.
Focus on his or her feelings rather than words. Try not to show your frustration or anger.
If you get upset, take deep breaths and count to Use humor when you can. Give people who pace a lot a safe place to walk. Provide comfortable, sturdy shoes.
Try using music, singing, or dancing to distract the person. Ask for help. Related Articles.